Woodward Lofts

St. Louis, Missouri

Client: Pier Property Group

Size: 250,000 SF

Photographer: Sam Fentress

In the 1920s, St. Louis was the fifth largest commercial printing center in the nation, boasting 320 printing firms. The Woodward & Tiernan Printing Company was the largest among them. In 1925, the Company relocated their headquarters from an assemblage of downtown offices to an unexpected site in the otherwise Industrial Mill Creek Valley. The Klipstein & Rathmann designed factory at Tower Grove and Vandeventer stands as a monument to the prominence of Woodward & Tiernan, and the evolution of industrial factory design.

At over 235,000 square feet, 164 loft-style apartments utilize the dramatic window openings, open floor plan, and soaring clerestory monitors which gave rise to the 20th century daylight factory. The building also contains remnants of a rail spur entering the building that allowed boxcars to be loaded directly from the factory floor. West facing units and articulation of the façade continue to recognize this function that was critical to the selection of the site. The cast-in-place concrete structure provides a strong but tangible presence to the surrounding neighbors. Loading docks on the north façade have been replaced with a new landscaped entry to create a welcoming arrival sequence for residents and guests. The historic brick “head house” originally housed Woodward & Tiernan administrative offices, capitalizing on access from the elevated Tower Grove Ave to maintain a commercial presence. The original entrance and east end are accessible once again, hosting ground level retail spaces and semi-public amenities that feature original office partitions.

Interventions to the historic structure are carefully directed inward, drawing inspiration from drawers used to organize typesetting materials. Material selections and graphics throughout the building evoke images of the building’s rich printing history. Sections of roof are deliberately peeled away to create signature community garden spaces shared by up to 10 units each. A number of unique floor plans also capitalize on soaring factory ceilings, working lofted bedrooms in amongst the worn steel trusses and timber decking of the original structure. Flat-style units condense the features of a modern apartment into a compact ‘core,’ highlighting board formed concrete and mushroom capital columns that were engineering innovations of the era. A rooftop lounge features seating areas cut from tanks that stored water for the original sprinkler system, a 360 degree panorama of St. Louis, and rooftop pool with skyline views.

Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014, the Woodward & Tiernan Printing Company became the home of Woodward Lofts in 2018.


2023 Housing Award, American Institute of Architects

Honor Award, Architecture, American Institute of Architects-St. Louis

Most Enhanced Award, Landmarks Association of St. Louis

Metamorphosis Awards: Honorable Mention – Multifamily, Retrofit 

Palladio Awards: Adaptive Reuse – Residential, Traditional Building

Preserve Missouri Award, Missouri Preservation